Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Therapy


In 1995 Loma Linda University Children's Hospital launched the Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) therapy program for our region's most critically infants and children. Our team of extensively trained ECMO Specialists have saved the lives of hundreds of babies.

What is ECMO?

ECMO is a procedure that uses a machine to replace the work of the lungs and occasionally the heart. Extracorporeal means that the blood circulates outside of the body with the help of a machine. Membrane oxygenation acts as artificial lungs, which utilizes a special part of the machine to deliver oxygen into the blood and remove carbon dioxide. It is not a treatment or cure for heart or lung disease, rather it substitutes the work of the heart and lungs, allowing them to rest until the underlying problem is resolved. The support is gradually removed once the body has recovered enough to function on its own, this can range from several days to several weeks.