For Patients & Visitors > Services > Men's Health > Prostate & Testicular Health > Prevention & Testicular Health

One in 6 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point in their lives. Currently about 30 million more American men suffer from some type of prostate disorder that significantly impairs their health.

While testicular diseases tend to occur less frequently, they are no less serious. Of the 8,250 men diagnosed with testicular cancer annually, about 5 percent will die as a result of this condition. Men between 20 and 54 have the highest risk of developing testicular cancer.

Although it's impossible to completely prevent prostate and testicular disorders, men can take action to lower their risk by getting regular medical checkups and performing self-exams between doctor visits, eating a healthy diet rich in antioxidants such as lycopene, exercising regularly and taking daily vitamin supplements.

At Loma Linda University Medical Center (LLUMC), our dedicated specialists have extensive experience providing patient-centered care focused on:

  • Evaluating men's individual risk of developing prostate disorders
  • Educating men about how they can lower their risk
  • Supporting men as they adopt lifestyle changes that will improve their prostate health and overall wellbeing

Evaluating Your Risk of Prostate & Testicular Disorders
LLUMC's Urology Department and Cancer Center evaluate prostate and testicular disorder risk by:

  • Asking patients about their lifestyle and dietary habits
  • Gathering a complete history of the conditions a man has suffered or currently lives with
  • Listing prostate disorders that have affected other men in the patient's family
  • Noting any medications patients have taken and are currently on particularly if they have been or are on testosterone therapy

Risk Factors for Prostate and Testicular Disorders
While these men over 50 years old are at highest risk of developing prostate disorders and men between the ages of 20 and 54 are most at risk of developing testicular problems, age is just one of the factors that can increase a man’s risk of developing prostate and testicular disorders. Other risk factors include:

  • Diet and weight – Eating a high-fat diet or being overweight or obese can increase men's testosterone levels, which in turn increases the risk of developing prostate and testicular health conditions.
  • Ethnicity – African American men have a higher risk than men of other ethnicities of developing prostate disorders, and Caucasian males are most likely to develop testicular disorders.
  • Family history – If a man's father or brother has suffered from a prostate or testicular disorder, he has a particularly high risk of developing the same condition.
  • Testosterone levels – Men on testosterone therapy or who have naturally high levels of testosterone are more likely to develop prostate and testicular disorders.
  • Other factors such as whether or not a man smokes, has contracted HIV or has undescended testicles contribute to his risk for developing testicular problems.

When to See a Doctor
To maintain optimal prostate health, it's vital that men get regular prostate exams from their doctors. If men develop the following symptoms, they should seek immediate medical attention to determine whether they are developing some type of prostate disorder:

  • Blood in semen
  • Hematuria or blood in urine
  • Chills and / or fever
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Discomfort in the pelvic region
  • Inflamed scrotum and / or testicle pain
  • Interrupted urination and / or weakened urine stream
  • Painful urination, intercourse or ejaculation
  • Recurring bone pain

To Learn More about Prostate & Testicular Disorder Prevention & Risk Evaluation
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