Services > Cancer Center > Health Library

Cervical Cancer: Prognosis

What is a prognosis?

Prognosis is the word your healthcare team may use to describe your chances of recovering from cancer. Or it may mean your likely outcome from cancer and cancer treatment. A prognosis is a calculated guess. It’s a question many people have when they learn they have cancer.

Making a choice

The decision to ask about your prognosis is a personal one. It’s up to you to decide how much you want to know. Some people find it easier to cope and plan ahead when they know their prognosis and the statistics for how well a treatment might work. Other people find statistics confusing and frightening. Or they might think statistics are too general to be useful.

A doctor who is most familiar with your health is in the best position to discuss your prognosis with you and explain what the statistics may mean in your case. At the same time, you should keep in mind that your prognosis can change. Cancer and cancer treatment outcomes are hard to predict. For instance, a favorable prognosis (which means you’re likely going to do well) can change if the cancer spreads to key organs or doesn’t respond to treatment. An unfavorable prognosis can change, too. This can happen if treatment shrinks and controls the cancer so it doesn’t grow or spread.

What goes into a prognosis?

When figuring out your prognosis, your doctor will consider all the things that could affect the cancer and its treatment. Your doctor will look at risk estimates about the exact type and stage of the cancer you have. These estimates are based on what results researchers have seen over many years in thousands of people with the same type and stage of cancer.

If your cancer is likely to respond well to treatment, your doctor will say you have a favorable prognosis. This means you’re expected to live many years and may even be cured. If your cancer is likely to be hard to control, your prognosis may be less favorable. The cancer may shorten your life. It’s important to keep in mind that a prognosis states what’s likely or probable. It is not a prediction of what will definitely happen. No doctor can be fully certain about an outcome.

Your prognosis depends on:

  • The type and location of the cancer

  • The stage of the cancer

  • Your overall health

  • Your treatment decisions

If your cancer is likely to respond well to treatment, your healthcare provider will say you have a favorable prognosis. If the cancer is likely to be hard to control, your prognosis may be unfavorable. It is important to keep in mind, though, that a prognosis states what is probable. It is not a prediction of what will definitely happen. No healthcare provider can be absolutely certain about the outcome.

Understanding survival rates

Survival rates show how many people live for a certain length of time after being told they have cancer. The rates are grouped for people with certain types and stages of cancer. Many times, the numbers used refer to the 5-year or the 10-year survival rate. That’s how many people are living 5 years or 10 years after diagnosis. The survival rate includes people at these different stages:

  • People who are cancer-free or cured

  • People who are getting cancer treatment

What are the survival rates for cervical cancer?

The survival rates for cervical cancer are based on 5 years. Many women included in the 5-year rate live much longer than 5 years after diagnosis. Because the statistics we have for 5-year rates are based on women diagnosed and initially treated more than 5 years ago, it’s possible that the outlook could be even better today. Survival rates are based on large groups of women. They cannot be used to predict what will happen to a particular woman. No two women are exactly alike, and treatment and responses to treatment vary greatly. The majority of women diagnosed with cervical cancer in the United States are cured. Newly diagnosed women often have a better outlook because of improvements in treatment. And, routine cervical cancer screening allows most cervical precancer and cancer to be found early, when they are small and have not spread. This is when cancer is easiest to treat and cure.

The 5-year survival rates for cervical cancer are:

  • 68% for all stages of cervical cancer combined

  • 91% when invasive cervical cancer is found at an early stage

  • 57% if the cancer is found after it has already spread to nearby tissues and lymph nodes

  • 16% if the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body

Talking with your healthcare provider

You can ask your healthcare provider about survival rates and what you might expect. But remember that statistics are based on large groups of people. They cannot be used to say what will happen. No two people are exactly alike. Treatment and how well people respond to treatment vary.