Screening for Bladder and Other Urothelial Cancers
Overview of Screening
What is screening?
If your doctor suggests certain cancer screening tests as part of your health care plan, this does not mean he or she thinks you have cancer. Screening tests are done when you have no symptoms. Since decisions about screening can be difficult, you may want to discuss them with your doctor and ask questions about the potential benefits and risks of screening tests and whether they have been proven to decrease the risk of dying from cancer.
If you have signs or symptoms of cancer, your doctor will order certain tests to see whether you have cancer. These are called
Purposes of this summary
The purposes of this summary on bladder cancer screening are to:
Give information on bladder cancer and what makes it more likely to occur (
Give current evidence about the effectiveness of screening tests.
You can talk to your doctor or health care professional about cancer screening and whether it would be likely to help you.
Bladder Cancer Screening
Urine passes from the two kidneys into the bladder through two tubes called
Risk of bladder cancer
Anything that increases a person?s chance of developing a disease is called a
Age: The risk of developing bladder cancer increases with age. Most new cases in both men and women occur in people aged 60 years and older.
Race: Bladder cancer occurs more commonly in whites than in blacks; however, black people who develop bladder cancer are more likely to die from the disease.
Sex: Bladder cancer is more likely to be diagnosed in men than in women; however, women who develop bladder cancer are more likely to die from the disease than men.
Smoking: Individuals who smoke tobacco are more likely to develop bladder cancer than individuals who have never smoked. The risk of developing bladder cancer decreases if one stops smoking. Even 10 years after quitting smoking, however, an ex-smoker still has a higher risk of developing bladder cancer than a never-smoker.
Other risk factors for bladder cancer include chemicals used in making dyes, rubber, and textiles, soot from coal,
Screening tests for bladder cancer
Hematuria Testing: Urine is tested for the presence of blood to determine if a patient may have bladder cancer or other
Other screening methods are being studied. Your doctor can talk to you about what screening tests might be appropriate for you.
Changes to This Summary (06/21/2005)
Links to the
Questions or Comments About This Summary
If you have questions or comments about this summary, please send them to Cancer.gov through the Web site?s Contact Form. We can respond only to email messages written in English.
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