Services > ENT > Conditions Treated

At Loma Linda University Medical Center (LLUMC), the Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery & Facial Plastic Surgery at Loma Linda University Medical Center (LLUMC) is dedicated to improving the lives of our patients. As indicated by our national ranking in the U.S. News & World Report as the 45th ENT Department in 2008, our commitment toward excellence is driven through our compassion toward whole person care.

Concerned with the healing of body, mind and spirit, our specially trained physician providers are experts in both the clinical and research settings. With comprehensive cutting-edge treatments and ease of scheduling all within a single location, patients entrust our dedicated and multidisciplinary team of physicians to accurately diagnose, evaluate and treat their ear, nose, throat, head and neck diseases and disorders.

Below each branch of otolaryngology, we treat the following conditions:
Neuro-Otology – Neurological disorders associated with the inner ear, resulting in balance or hearing problems.

  • Chronic Ear Infections – Inflammation or infection of the middle ear that keeps coming back, potentially resulting in long-term or permanent ear damage.
  • Acoustic Neuroma – Noncancerous and usually slow-growing tumor of the nerve that connects the ear to the brain.
  • Lateral Skull Base Tumors – Benign or malignant tumors found on the lateral areas of the skull.
  • Sensorineural Hearing Loss – Type of hearing loss which occurs when there is damage to the inner ear or the nerve pathways from the inner ear to the brain.
  • Conductive Hearing Loss – Hearing loss as a result of the inability to conduct sound waves in the outer ear, eardrum or middle ear.

Rhinology & Allergy – Refers to diseases and ailments affecting the nose and sinuses.

  • Chronic Sinusitis – Long-term or recurring swelling of the air-filled spaces behind the forehead, cheeks and eyes.
  • Allergic Rhinitis – More commonly known as nasal allergies, allergic rhinitis is a collection of symptoms that mostly affect the nose and eyes as a result of breathing in airborne particles you are allergic to including dust, dander or pollen.
  • Nasal Obstruction – A common complaint of blockage or having difficulty breathing out of one or both the nostrils that is caused by inflammatory or structural problems of the nose.
  • Sino-Nasal Tumors – Benign or malignant tumors found in the sinuses or nasal passages.
  • Tearing or Epiphora – An overflow of tears as a result of poor drainage of the tear duct.
  • Juvenile Angiofibroma – A noncancerous growth located in the back of the nose or upper throat region. Although uncommon, the tumor can result in bone damage if left untreated.
  • Snoring – A loud, hoarse or harsh breathing sound occurring during sleep.
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea – A common sleep disorder in which a person pauses in breathing during sleep. It is caused by the obstruction of the airway.
Head & Neck Surgery – Covers benign and malignant tumors affecting the head and neck region.
  • Thyroid Tumors – Noncancerous or cancerous growths that occurs in the thyroid gland – the butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck which regulates metabolism, body temperature, blood pressure and heart rate. If left untreated, cancerous thyroid tumors can spread to other parts of the body.
  • Parathyroid Tumors – Benign or cancerous growth occurring inside the parathyroid gland – small glands located in the neck behind the thyroid gland that controls calcium. Parathyroid tumors may lead to hyperparathyroidism, the excessive production of parathyroid hormones.
  • Oral Cavity Tumors – Tumors occurring within the oral cavity which includes the lips, teeth, gums, lining inside the lips and cheeks, the floor and top of the mouth as well as the area located behind the wisdom teeth.
  • Oropharyngeal Tumors – Tumors occurring in the oropharynx – the region which includes the back of the tongue, soft palate, tonsils and back of the throat.
  • Laryngeal Tumors – Tumors that develop in the voicebox (larynx).
  • Neck Cancer – A broad term referring to cancers originating in the area of the upper aerodigestive tract including the mouth, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, pharynx and larynx. Neck cancer symptoms will vary depending on the affected area.
  • Orbital Tumors – Abnormal growths of tissue that develop in any of the structures surrounding the eye. These cancerous and noncancerous tumors may arise from the orbit or may spread elsewhere in the body.
  • Salivary Gland Tumors – Abnormal cell growth occurring within the ducts that drain the salivary glands.
  • Melanoma – The most dangerous type of skin cancer that develops in melanocytes, the cells that produce skin pigment. Melanoma can also form in the colored part of your eyes.
Skull Base Surgery – Tumors, infections, birth defects and head trauma affecting the skull base.
  • Pituitary Tumors – Abnormal growth in the pituitary gland, which can result in excessive or lower-level production of hormones regulating your body.
  • Sellar & Suprasellar Tumors – Abnormal growth occurring in the sellar and suprasellar regions of the skull.
  • Chordoma – A rare, malignant slow-growing tumor usually occurring in the spine and base of the skull. Although chordomas rarely spread, they are aggressive and affect surrounding organs, tissues and bone.
  • Esthsioneuroblastoma – A rare form of cancer occurring in the upper part of the nasal cavity. Although this tumor generally grows slowly, it could potentially spread and progress rapidly and aggressively.
  • Craniopharyngioma – A benign tumor which develops near the pituitary gland and the optic nerves. This tumor most commonly affects children between the ages 5 and 10.
  • Infratemporal Fossa Tumors – Tumors that develop in the area of the skull known as Infratemporal Fossa region.
  • Rathke’s Cyst – A noncancerous cyst occurring in the area of the pituitary gland. If left untreated, Rathke’s Cyst can cause pituitary failure, headaches and vision loss.
Voice & Swallowing – Ailments affecting the voice box (larynx), airway and esophagus regions.
  • Hoarseness – An abnormal, weak sounding, very breathy, scratchy or husky voice caused by irritation or injury to the vocal cords.
  • Vocal Nodules – Noncancerous growths on the vocal cords that are caused by vocal abuse. Repeated abuse of the vocal cords will result in harder, callous-like growths (nodules).
  • Vocal Cord Paralysis – A voice disorder that occurs when one or both of the nerves attached to the voice box are injured.
  • Voice Overuse or Vocal Strain – Occurs when the voice is used too much (i.e. talking, singing for too long) so that it gets overly tired. Vocal overuse or strain could potentially lead to an increased risk of vocal fold injury.
  • Zenker’s Diverticulum – A pouch that develops in the walls of the lower throat, usually affecting people over 50 years old. A filled-pouch makes it difficult for solid foods to pass through or may result in food spilling into the throat.
  • Dysphagia – Meaning “difficulty swallowing,” dysphagia is the inability to pass food or liquids easily from the mouth to your stomach.
  • Neurologic Voice Disorders – Voice disorders triggered by any damage or disease of the nervous system that controls laryngeal (voicebox) function. Common causes of neurological voice disorders include stroke or trauma.
Facial Plastic Surgery – Face defects and flaws undermining self-confidence as a result of disease, aging or surgery.
  • Aging Face – With age, muscle tone may be lost in the face, resulting in a flabby or droopy appearance.
  • Brow Ptosis – A condition in which the eyebrow droops or sags.
  • Nasal Obstruction – Partial or complete blockage of the nasal cavity due to structural problems of the nose.
  • Eyelid Droopiness – Excessive sagging of the upper eyelid.
  • Moh’s Defect – Imperfections resulting from skin cancers of the face.
  • Facial Fracture – Broken bones of the face including the upper jaw, lower jaw, cheeks, nose and eye sockets.
Pediatric Otolaryngology – Congenital or acquired ear, nose, throat, face and neck disorders affecting infants, children and adolescents.
  • Infant Hearing Screening – A test designed to identify hearing loss in infants shortly after birth so that important action can be taken prior to the development of symptoms. A doctor places a tiny earpiece or microphone in the infant’s ear or sticks electrodes on the baby’s head to ensure normal hearing function.
  • Hearing Loss – The total or partial inability to hear sound in one or both ears. Among infants, about 2-3 out of every 1000 live births will have some degree of hearing loss, however this condition can also develop even for children who had normal hearing during infancy.
  • Ear Infections – Inflammation or infection of the inner, middle or outer ear. Ear infections are common especially among infants and children since their Eustachian tubes are easily clogged.
  • Recurrent Tonsillitis – An extremely common condition among children that occurs when the tonsils frequently become inflamed from infections.
  • Pediatric Neck Tumors – Noncancerous or cancerous growths occurring in the neck region in children. Fortunately, most neck growths are considered to be noncancerous and are a result of infection, inflammation, swelling, fluid collection or tumors.
  • Pediatric Facial Trauma – Injury in the face or upper jaw bone region among children as indicated by bruising, breaks in the skin or disfigurement. Face trauma in children differs from adults because their faces are not fully formed and future growth will determine how the child will heal and recover.
  • Airway Obstruction – Occurs when infants and children are unable to breathe normally as a result of choking on food or objects blocking their internal airways, suffocating on materials blocking or covering their external airways or strangulation.
  • Snoring & Sleep Apnea – A condition that results when a child’s breathing is repeatedly blocked during sleep. While attempting to breathe during the blockage, the child will work harder and snore due to the obstruction, resulting in disrupted sleep and lower levels of oxygen in the blood.
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