Services > Urogynecology > Conditions Treated > Bladder & Pelvic Disorders > Overactive Bladder - Loma Linda University Medical Center

Overactive bladder, also called urge incontinence, occurs when a patient has a sudden, unexpected and strong need to urinate but cannot reach a toilet in time. This may happen even when the bladder is holding very little fluid. Some women may experience this urge to urinate when drinking water or when touching or hearing running water. Our specialists regularly diagnose and treat women struggling with an overactive bladder.

Causes of Overactive Bladder
Overactive bladder occurs when the bladder muscle contracts involuntarily and may stem from the following causes:

  • Age-related changes in the bladder muscle
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Stroke
  • Kidney or bladder stones
  • Tumors putting pressure on the bladder

Available Treatments for Overactive Bladder
Once we have ruled out a foreign body or cancer as a cause of the bladder activity, several treatment options are available. With urge incontinence, learning to retrain the bladder is often helpful. Medications may also help, although they may have bothersome side effects. If medications, physical therapy and biofeedback fail to relieve the symptoms, sacral neuromodulation, or Botox injections inside the bladder may prove helpful.

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