Urethrocystoscopy, also known as cystoscopy, is a procedure that is used to diagnose the causes of several different urogynecologic afflictions. This study allows a doctor to visually examine the interior of the urethra and the bladder, checking for structural abnormalities, inflammations or masses that might not show up in an x-ray.
The urethrocystoscopy study may be advised for patients experiencing:
- Urinary incontinence
- Pelvic pain
- Recurrent urinary tract infections
- Painful urination
- Blood in their urine or hematuria
In a urethrocystoscopy, a patient is given a light anesthetic cream or gel. Then, a cystoscope, a small, specialized tube with a camera at the end, is inserted through the urethra into the bladder. The doctor then fills the bladder with water through the cystoscope. This stretches the bladder wall and makes inspection possible.