Testicular cancer forms in a man’s testicles, the two egg-shaped glands located inside the scrotum that produce sperm and testosterone. Compared to other types of cancer, testicular cancer is rare, but is the most common form of cancer among young or middle-aged American men between the ages of 15-40. Even when the cancer has spread beyond the testicle, testicular cancer is highly treatable and usually curable through one or several combinations of treatments, including surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.
There are two mains types of testicular cancer: seminomas and nonseminomas. Testicular cancers begin in the germ cells – the cells that produce sperm. Found in the testes, seminoma is a slow-growing form of testicular cancer and usually affects men in their 30s and 40s. However, it has the potential to spread to the lymph nodes, lungs and other organs.
Nonseminoma is the more common type of testicular cancer and tends to grow more quickly. Comprised of different cell types, nonseminoma cancers are identified according to the cells in which they start to grow including:
- Embryonal carcinoma
- Yolk sac tumor
Urologists at Loma Linda University Medical Center recommend consulting with your doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- Enlargement or lump in a testicle
- Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- Dull ache in the lower abdomen, back or groin
- Sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
- Pain, swelling or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
- Breast enlargement or tenderness
- Unexplained fatigue or general feeling of not being well
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To learn more about testicular cancer at Loma Linda University Medical Center, please call us today at (909) 558-2830, or visit the links below for more information: